Oregon Criminal Justice Commission Racial and Ethnic Impact Statement Report
Executive Summary

Disparities in drug arrests and convictions will nearly be eliminated if Measure 110 passes, according to independent government research released by the Oregon Secretary of State and conducted by the Oregon Criminal Justice Commission.

What the report found:

  • Racial disparities in drug arrests will drop by 95% if Oregon voters pass Measure 110.
  • Convictions of Black and Indigenous Oregonians would drop by 94%.
  • “This drop in convictions will result in fewer collateral consequences stemming from criminal justice system involvement, which include difficulties in finding employment, loss of access to student loans for education, difficulties in obtaining housing, restrictions on professional licensing, and others,” the report says.
  • The actual reduction of disparities could be even more dramatic. “Other disparities can exist at different stages of the criminal justice process, including inequities in police stops, jail bookings, bail, pretrial detention, prosecutorial decisions, and others.” However, the Criminal Justice Commission could not obtain local data on such disparities.

Who did the report, and who will see it:

  • The report was conducted by the most reliable and authoritative independent government researchers on this issue. The report was conducted by the Oregon Criminal Justice Commission and released by the Oregon Secretary of State.
  • The Criminal Justice Commission is not associated with the campaign. It is a government body, and its purpose is to provide a “centralized and impartial forum for statewide policy development and planning” in order to “improve the efficiency and effectiveness of state and local criminal justice systems.
  • The analysis by the Oregon Criminal Justice Commission is the first one ever prepared for a ballot measure. Lawmakers have had the ability to ask for such an analysis since 2014, and did so this year after being urged to do so by the More Treatment campaign, which supports Measure 110.
  • Oregon voters will see a summary of the report in the voter pamphlet that the Oregon Secretary of State mails to every registered Oregon voter in November.

Political Context

Measure 110 changes Oregon’s approach to drugs. The measure would expand access around the state to drug addiction treatment and recovery services, paid for with a portion of taxes from legal marijuana sales. In addition, the measure decriminalizes low-level drug possession. It does not legalize drugs.

About one in 10 adults in Oregon need treatment for substance use disorder but have not received it, according to the federal government, and Oregon ranks nearly last in terms of people who need treatment but can’t get it.

About 8,900 Oregonians are arrested every year in cases where simple drug possession is the most serious offense, according to the latest numbers from the Oregon Criminal Justice Commission. That’s the equivalent of about one arrest an hour. Black and Indigenous Oregonians are disproportionately targeted.

Measure 110 has received more than 110 endorsements from organizations across the state, including Unite Oregon, the Coalition of Communities of Color, NAACP Portland, Eugene-Springfield NAACP, Central City Concern, the Confederated Tribes of Grand Ronde and more.

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